There are many different types of cybersecurity threats that could affect us at any time. Cybersecurity threats seek to harm computer IT systems, networks, personal devices, and infrastructures. Those performing the deeds are looking to take, change, or destroy data that is on the device. Understanding the most common types of cyberattacks will make you more knowledgeable when trying to combat them, and also educate you as to the dangers that lurk on the internet. 

There are a plethora of different options for attackers to use in order to gain information. The following are the most common ten:

  1. Birthday: This attack is performed with the hopes of finding two messages that create the same message digest when processed by a hash function. The computer owner’s message can be replaced with the attacker’s.
  2. DoS: This stands for “denial of service.” In this type of attack, the system can no longer respond to service requests due to its resources being hindered. There is no direct benefit to the attacker, and they do not gain access to the system. They are simply out to destroy.
  3. DDoS: This attack is similar to the above; however, it is triggered by another machine that has been infected by the attacker.
  4. Drive-by: Attackers find unsecured websites and place script that will hinder the HTTP or PHP coding. When the site is visited, malware is automatically installed onto the computer of the person that clicked on the site. The user will not have to click to download; it will just begin!
  5. Eavesdropping: The attacker intercepts network traffic in order to take passwords, credit card numbers, and other information that should be confidential.
  6. MitM: This stands for “man in the middle.” This type of attack is performed by the attacker taking over a session between the network server and a trusted client. The IP address is compromised, so the server continues communicating with who it thinks is the “trusted client.”
  7. Malware: The attacker downloads unwanted software onto the system without your knowledge, and can attach itself to computer applications and hinder performance.
  8. Phishing: This type of attack happened when the attacker sends emails that look like they are from trusted people or companies, with the goal of obtaining sensitive information like usernames and passwords. It is simple trickery with the assistance of the internet.
  9. Password: Passwords are guessed randomly or systematically in order to gain access to websites and other personal information.
  10. XSS: This type of attack begins when the attacker puts detrimental JavaScript into the database of a website. When the computer owner clicks a link on the website, it is brought up with the attacker’s JavaScript as well, which will then open the script. Cookies, keystrokes, screenshots, network information, and remote access can occur.

In order to reduce threats, make sure to keep your anti-virus software current, train employees well if you are a business owner, have a strong firewall, make backups of information, and use strong passwords that can’t be guessed easily. If you need assistance with any of this or have questions regarding security against cyber attacks, there are professionals available to assist with your questions or the process itself. 

There are many different tactics to combat cyberattacks, just as there are many to perform them. A professional will look into your specific situation to see how you see your system, and what programs you use. They can then come up with a specific plan that will be tailored to you in order to ensure the safety of both you and your information when it comes to your computer system.

Begin keeping yourself and your information safe and secure today!